Fire & Safety

Fire is a danger that can impact entire communities. Each year around the world many people die, thousands are injured, and billions of Money are lost as a result of fire. To combat these significant losses, fire is using science and technology to make our world safer from fire.

In terms of Fire and safety it refers to all the methods, precautions and training that’s undertaken either to prevent a fire, control one or efficiently dealing with it to minimize loss of life and property. Fire safety is a vital part of every building that’s constructed. Usually the rules differs country or region wise as well as based on types of building like homes, commercial spaces or factories where combustible fuel is stored.

Threat to fire safety is termed as fire hazard. It refers to a situation that includes the chances of a place being prone to fire or a place where it’s easy for the fire to spread once started and difficult to extinguish due to lack of proper safety measures. Fire protection engineers work for an important purpose: to protect the environment, property, and most importantly, people, from the dangers of fire. This makes becoming a fire protection engineer a rewarding career choice.

Fire can be a threat to all of us at any time at any place, but taking simple precautions and being prepared can help to keep us safe. Fire Safety at workplace is must and its Employer’s responsibility to ensure the safety of personnel at place of work as they are the real assets for any organization. Fire Safety Training in the workplace provides a sense of preparedness for employees and adds to the overall health of the organization. There are many training programs to teach relevant up-to-date knowledge and awareness of potential emergencies in the workplace and to provide workers with the skills and confidence to deal with such situations.

The knowledge and skills learnt by workers can prove invaluable in avoiding potential incidents. Employees can learn how to use emergency prevention equipment, operate emergency control equipment and correctly implement an emergency evacuation. Training can be modified specifically to organization’s needs, ensuring that fire teams and first response units have the most up-to-date and professionally accurate training possible. It also provides participants with the skills and knowledge to prevent and respond to emergency situations in the workplace. This is  ‘must’ for all organizations that want to equip their employees with the expert knowledge needed in a first response emergency situation.

Safety of a constructed building  is often a component Fire safety. Those who inspect buildings for violations of the Fire Code and go into schools to educate children on Fire Safety topics are fire department members known as fire prevention officers. The Chief Fire Prevention Officer or Chief of Fire Prevention will normally train newcomers to the Fire Prevention Division and may also conduct inspections or make presentations. Fire safety measures include those that are planned during the construction of a building or implemented in structures that are already standing, and those that are taught to occupants of the building There are various precautions that are taken to prevent or reduce the likelihood of a fire that may result in death, injury, or property damage, alert those in a structure to the presence of an uncontrolled fire in the event one occurs, better enable those threatened by fire to survive in and evacuate from affected areas, or to reduce the damage caused by a fire.

PPE

The primary methods for preventing employee exposure to hazardous materials are engineering and administrative controls. Where these control methods are not appropriate or sufficient to control the hazard, personal protective equipment (PPE) is required. A work area assessment is required to determine the potential hazards and select the appropriate PPE for adequate protection. Employees must receive training which includes the proper PPE for their job, when this PPE must be worn, how to wear, adjust, maintain, and discard this equipment, and the limitations of the PPE. All training must be documented.

Employers have duties concerning the provision and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) at work. PPE can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE). Making the workplace safe includes providing instructions, procedures, training and supervision to encourage people to work safely and responsibly of Equipment.

The needs for PPE are assessed by a person who is competent to judge whether other methods of risk control can offer better protection of safety and health than the provision of PPE . the needs for PPE are assessed by a person who is competent to judge whether other methods of risk control can offer better protection of safety and health than the provision of PPE. suitable PPE is provided for visitors who may be exposed to hazards in the workplace.

Personal protective equipment can be categorized by the area of the body protected by the types of hazard, and by the type of garment or accessory. A single item, for example boots, may provide multiple forms of protection: a steel toe cap and steel insoles for protection of the feet from crushing or puncture injuries, impervious rubber and lining for protection from water and chemicals, high reflectivity and heat resistance for protection from radiant heat, and high electrical resistivity for protection from electric shock. The protective attributes of each piece of equipment must be compared with the hazards expected to be found in the workplace.

Practices of occupational safety and health can use hazard controls and interventions to mitigate workplace hazards, which pose a threat to the safety and quality of life of workers. The hierarchy of hazard control hierarchy of control provides a policy framework which ranks the types of hazard controls in terms of absolute risk reduction. At the top of the hierarchy are elimination and substitution, which remove the hazard entirely or replace the hazard with a safer alternative. If elimination or substitution measures cannot apply, engineering controls and administrative controls, which seek to design safer mechanisms and coach safer human behavior, are implemented. Personal protective equipment ranks last on the hierarchy of controls, as the workers are regularly exposed to the hazard, with a barrier of protection. The hierarchy of controls is important in acknowledging that, while personal protective equipment has tremendous utility, it is not the desired mechanism of control in terms of worker safety.

PPE imposes a barrier between the wearer/user and the working environment. This can create additional strains on the wearer to  impair their ability to carry out their work and create significant levels of discomfort. Any of these can discourage wearers from using PPE correctly, therefore placing them at risk of injury, ill-health or, under extreme circumstances, death. Good ergonomic design can help to minimize these barriers and can therefore help to ensure safe and healthy working conditions through the correct use of PPE.

Practices of occupational safety and health can use hazard controls and interventions to mitigate workplace hazards, which pose a threat to the safety and quality of life of workers. The hierarchy of hazard control hierarchy of control provides a policy framework which ranks the types of hazard controls in terms of absolute risk reduction. At the top of the hierarchy are elimination and substitution, which remove the hazard entirely or replace the hazard with a safer alternative. If elimination or substitution measures cannot apply, engineering controls and administrative controls, which seek to design safer mechanisms and coach safer human behavior, are implemented. Personal protective equipment ranks last on the hierarchy of controls, as the workers are regularly exposed to the hazard, with a barrier of protection. The hierarchy of controls is important in acknowledging that, while personal protective equipment has tremendous utility, it is not the desired mechanism of control in terms of worker safety.

Secure Asia

Security is the major concern in today’s world looking at the happenings in society & all around the globe with effect too attacks on civilians, Burglaries, Accidents & Terror Attacks. This is the main instinct as to why CCTV Surveillance is become a mandatory factor in today’s globetrotting world. Surveillance means the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting them This can include observation from a distance by means of electronic equipment (such as CCTV cameras), or interception of electronically transmitted information.

In Many Countries there are muti number of CCTV Surveillance system installed but there is yet the lacking of Clearity & Data storage with many security Departments. The outcome of this lacking mgives rise to crimes & damages the peace & Order of a Nation.

Its high time that these issues of lacking CCTV Surveillance is taken on a priority & the Installation Procedure gets carried out  with ease so this world can be a better place to live & eradicate criminal offence & henceforth common people can lead a happy live without security worries.

As the world becomes more interconnected and security systems have to operate in an IP environment. We consider whether the new expanding footprint of open platforms, in the quest for interoperability and the work of high profile bodies, Most security attacks occur from the inside, many hardware and software tools are available to help keep data secure, but the two factors are critical: developing a sound security policy, and ensuring that the network can effectively implement and enforce those polices.

It is very important to plan for security. No plan of action can be put into place before a risk assessment has been performed. It provides a baseline for implementing security plans to protect assets against various threats. You cannot protect your assets if you do not know what to protect against. Data need protection against risks, in simple terms, a risk is realized when a threat takes advantage of a vulnerability to cause harm to your system. After you know your risks, you can then create policies and plans to reduce those risks.

Biometric surveillance is any technology that measures and analyzes human physical and/or behavioral characteristics for authentication, identification, or screening purposes. Examples of physical characteristics include fingerprints, DNA, and facial patterns. Facial recognition is the use of the unique configuration of a person's facial features to accurately identify them, usually from surveillance video. Another form of behavioral biometrics, based on affective computing, involves computers recognizing a person's emotional state based on an analysis of their facial expressions, how fast they are talking, the tone and pitch of their voice, their posture, and other behavioral traits.

Many countries, including the United States, are planning to share biometric data with other nations.Countries using biometrics include Australia, Brazil, Canada, Gambia, Germany, India, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and United States.Among low-middle income countries, roughly 1.2 billion people have already received identification through a biometric identification program. India's national ID program called Aadhaar is the largest biometric database of the world. It is a biometrics-based digital identity assigned for lifetime, verifiable online instantly in public domain, at anytime, from anywhere, in a paperless way. It is designed to enable government agencies to deliver retail public service securely based on biometric data (fingerprintiris scan and face photo), along with demographic data (name, age, gender, address, parent/spouse name, mobile phone number) of a person. The data is transmitted in encrypted form over internet for authentication, aiming to free it from limitations of physical presence of a person at a given place.

Rescue Management

When Disaster occurs & Strikes countries & Nations a shaken with the calamity. If an alert is issued prior the disaster then the evacuation procedure is carried out with ease & many lives are rescued as a result of the warning before hand. But incase no alert is issued then lives are shattered & rescue process is taken aback & it ends up in tragedy. As many disaster’s or tragedy’s happened till date rescue operations has been mandatory as life’s are at stake The Rescue person who task his life to save other’s puts everything on the line to make the person’s life safe.

The recovery phase starts after the immediate threat to human life has subsided. The immediate goal of the recovery phase is to bring the affected area back normalcy as quickly as possible. During reconstruction it is recommended to consider the location or construction material of the property. The most extreme home confinement scenarios include war, famine and severe epidemics and may last a year or more. Then recovery will take place inside the home. Planners for these events usually buy bulk foods and appropriate storage and preparation equipment, and eat the food as part of normal life. A simple balanced diet can be constructed from vitamin pills, whole-meal wheat, beans, dried milk, corn, and cooking oil. One should add vegetables, fruits, spices and meats, both prepared and fresh-gardened, when possible.

A disaster is a natural or man-made (or technological) hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment. A disaster can be extensively defined as any tragic event stemming from events such as earthquakesfloods, catastrophic accidentsfires, or explosions. It is a phenomenon that can cause damage to life and property and destroy the economic, social and cultural life of people.  In order to avoid, or reduce significant losses to a business, emergency rescuers should work to identify and anticipate potential risks, hopefully reducing their probability of occurring. In the event that an emergency does occur, rescuers should have a plan prepared to mitigate the effects of that emergency, as well as to ensure Business Continuity of critical operations post-incident. It is essential for an organization to include procedures for determining whether an emergency situation has occurred and at what point an emergency management plan should be activated.

The ways in which it can be done by Examining effectiveness of existing standards for reducing risks of various disasters..Discussing preparedness of various agencies to respond to emergency situations. Integrating climate change adaptation with disaster risk reduction. Forging partnership with media for creating mass awareness for disaster risk reduction

In order to avoid, or reduce significant losses to a business, emergency managers should work to identify and anticipate potential risks, hopefully to reduce their probability of occurring. In the event that an emergency does occur, managers should have a plan prepared to mitigate the effects of that emergency, as well as to ensure Business Continuity of critical operations post-incident. It is essential for an organisation to include procedures for determining whether an emergency situation has occurred and at what point an emergency management plan should be activated.