This checklist has been prepared to help you comply with The Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005
What is the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005?
The Regulatory Reform Order (Fire Safety) 2005 came into force on 1 October 2006, and replaced over 70 separate pieces of fire safety legislation.
What do I have to do?
The Order places a duty on a 'responsible person' (usually the owner, employer or occupier of business or industrial premises) to carry out a fire risk assessment. Responsible persons under the Order are required, following a risk assessment, to implement appropriate fire safety measures to minimise the risk to life from fire; and to keep the assessment up to date.
What does a fire risk assessment involve?
There are 5 key steps in a fire safety risk assessment:
1. Identify fire hazards – eg, how could a fire start? what could burn?
2. Consider the people who may be a risk – eg, employees, visitors to the premises, and anyone who may be particularly vulnerable such as children, the elderly and disabled people.
3. Evaluate and act – think about what you have found in steps 1 and 2 and remove and reduce any risks to protect people and premises.
4. Record, plan and train – keep a record of what risks you identified and what actions you have taken to reduce or remove them. Make a clear plan of how to prevent fires and, should a fire start, you will keep people safe. Make sure your staff know what to do in the event of a fire and if necessary that they are trained for their roles.
5. Review – regularly review your risk assessment to ensure it remains up to date and reflects and changes that may have occurred.
Am I responsible if my fire safety equipment fails?
Under the Regulatory Reform Order (RRO) all fire precautions must be maintained in efficient working order and good repair so if any failure is due to lack of maintenance, then you could be held responsible. However, where maintenance contracts exist for the equipment, the enforcers may take action against the contractor.
What is a competent person?
A competent person is someone with enough training and experience or knowledge and other qualities to be able to implement these measures properly.
The local fire and Rescue authority has the power to inspect your premises.
They will look for evidence that you have carried out a suitable fire risk assessment and acted on it.
Step 1: Identify Fire Hazards
By checking all work-related activities that have
the 3 elements needed to create a fire:
Yes No N/A
Have you identified all potential ignition sources?
Have you identified all potential fuel sources?
Have you identified all potential sources of oxygen e.g. air vents, gas cylinders?
Have you made a note of your findings?
Step 2: Identifying People at Risk
Have you identified who is at risk (including anyone at increased risk due to mobility
impairment, or other disability, and lone workers or out-of-hours activities)?
Have you identified why they are at risk?
Have you made a note of your findings?
Step 3: Evaluate, Remove, Reduce and Protect from Risk
Can the existing means of detection ensure a fire is discovered quickly enough for the alarm
to be raised in time for all the occupants to escape to a place of total safety?
Are detectors of the right type and in the appropriate locations?
Can the means of warning be clearly heard and understood by everyone throughout the
Fire fighting equipment and facilities
Are the extinguishers suitable for the purpose?
Are there enough extinguishers sited throughout the premises at appropriate locations?
Are the right types of extinguishers located close to the fire hazards and can users get to
them without exposing themselves to risk?
Are the extinguishers visible and appropriately signposted with a fire point?
Have you taken steps to prevent the misuse of extinguishers?
Do you regularly check any other equipment provided to help maintain the escape routes?
Do you carry out daily checks to ensure that there is clear access for fire engines?
Are those who test and maintain the equipment competent to do so?
Does your building have sufficient and suitable protected fire doors?
Are any holes or gaps in walls, ceilings and floors properly sealed, e.g. where services such
as ventilation ducts and electrical cables pass through them?
|24||Can all the occupants escape to a place of total safety in a reasonable time?|
Are the existing escape routes adequate for the numbers and type of people that may need to
use them, e.g. staff, members of the public, young children, and disabled people?
Are the exits in the right place and do the escape routes lead as directly as possible to a place
of total safety?
If there is a fire, could all available exits be affected or will at least one route from any part of the
premises remain available?
|28||Are all escape routes and final exits kept clear at all times?|
|29||Do all doors on escape routes open in the direction of escape?|
|30||Can all fire doors be quickly released e.g. automatic release, push-bar?|
|31||Can all final exit doors be opened easily and immediately if there is an emergency?|
|32||Will everybody be able to safely use the escape routes from your premises?|
Are escape routes kept free of combustible materials and fire doors properly closed e.g. not
|34||Are there any particular or unusual issues to consider e.g. non-standard escape routes?|
Emergency Escape Lighting
|35||Are your premises used during periods of darkness?|
|36||Are all escape routes properly lit, including outdoors, to assembly points?|
|37||Do you have back-up power supplies for your emergency lighting?|
Signs and notices
Are escape routes and exits, the locations of fire fighting equipment and emergency fire
telephones indicated by appropriate signs?
Have you provided fire warning notices for: information to staff; operating security devices on
doors; fire door signage; and fire action notices?
Are all signs attached, information, and keys (where necessary) readily available to the fire &
rescue service for; location of water suppression stop valves, fire hydrants, gas lock-off,
electricity lock-off and the storage of hazardous substances, including zoned areas?
Do you have Fire, Emergency & Evacuation Procedures in place which are: –
• readily available and displayed?
• approved by Fire & Rescue Service?
• reviewed at least annually or when they may become invalid?
|42||Do you have arrangements for; daily, weekly, monthly, six monthly and annual checks and tests?|
|43||Do you regularly check all fire doors and escape routes and associated lighting and signs?|
|44||Do you regularly check all your fire fighting equipment?|
|45||Do you regularly check your fire-detection and alarm equipment?|
|46||Are those who test and maintain the equipment competent to do so?|
|47||Do you keep a log book to record tests and maintenance?|
Do you have the necessary procedures in place to maintain any facilities that have been
provided for the safety of people in the building (or for the use of fire fighters, such as access
for fire engines and fire fighting lifts)?
Evaluate, remove, reduce and protect risks by:
Evaluating the risk to people in your building if a fire starts
Removing or reducing the hazards that might cause a fire
|49||Have you removed or reduced sources of ignition?|
|50||Have you removed or reduced sources of fuel?|
|51||Have you reduced or controlled sources of air or oxygen in the event of fire?|
Have you removed or reduced arson risks (e.g. by securing building/site access and controlling
waste disposal arrangements)?
Have you removed or reduced the risks to people in the event of a fire by:
|53||Providing fire detection and fire warning?|
|54||Providing fire fighting equipment?|
|55||Determined whether your general lighting and emergency lighting are adequate?|
|56||Checking that you have adequate signs and notices?|
|57||Regularly testing and maintaining fire safety equipment?|
|58||Considering whether you need any other equipment or facilities?|
Step 4: Record, Plan, Inform Instruct and Train
|59||Have you recorded the significant findings of your risk assessment with an action plan?|
|60||Have you recorded what you have done to remove or reduce the risk?|
Has your risk assessment been signed off and accepted by your line manager/senior person
responsible for the building/site?
|62||Are your records readily available for inspection?|
|63||Do you have an emergency plan and are the details recorded?|
Does your plan take account of other emergency plans applicable to the building/site, including
|65||Is the plan readily available for anyone to read?|
Co-operation and co-ordination
|66||Are staff told about the emergency plan?|
|67||Are guests and visitors informed about what to do in an emergency?|
Are people identified to perform particular task e.g. fire wardens, incident officers, risk assessors,
first aiders, (and where necessary, persons nominated to call the Fire Brigade)?
|69||Are staff given information about any dangerous substances?|
|70||Do you have arrangements for informing temporary or agency staff?|
Do you have arrangements for informing other employers whose staff are guest workers in
the premises, such as maintenance contractors and cleaners?
|72||Are your fire safety arrangements co-ordinated with other responsible people in the building?|
Are details recorded of any information or instructions you have given and the details of any
arrangements for co-operation and co-ordination with others e.g. permit to work, out-of-hours
working procedures, building or alterations works schedules.
Do staff receive relevant information, instruction and training on fire safety as part of local
|75||Have your staff received fire safety awareness training?|
Have all staff identified to carry out specific tasks (e.g. risk assessors, incident officers, fire
wardens, first aiders and nominated persons to call the Fire Brigade) received suitable and
|77||Are training sessions recorded?|
|78||Have you carried out a fire drill recently?|
Are employees aware of specific tasks if there is a fire e.g. Personal Emergency Evacuation
Plans for mobility and temporarily impaired staff (PEEPs) use of buddy systems/Evac Chairs
etc, fire wardens, incident officers?
|80||Are joint training sessions and fire drills carried out for multi-occupied buildings?|
If you use, store or produce hazardous or explosive substances, are your staff informed,
instructed and trained appropriately?
You should seek professional advice if you don’t feel competent with undertaking a suitable and
sufficient fire risk assessment.